镰孢刺皮

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编号NFG-90-15[1] 
拉丁菌名Tricholoma quercicola Zang sp. nov.
中文菌名镰孢刺皮
定名人彭寅斌 胡新文
NomenclaZang Mu
发表文章刺皮属的二个新种
ArticleA Taxonomic and Geographic Study on the Song Rong (Matsutake) Group and Its Allied Species
作者胡新文 / 彭寅斌
AuthorZang Mu
作者单位长沙水电师范学院生物系, 长 沙 410077 / 湖南师范大学生物系, 长沙 410081
摘要本文报道了银耳目银耳科刺皮属的二个 新种, 黄色囊状体刺皮(Heterochaete chryso-cystidiata Peng et X. W. Hu)和镰孢刺皮 (Heterochaete falcato-sporifera Peng et X. W. Hu). 其形态特征, 前者与中国刺皮(Heterochaete sinensis Teng)接近, 但 H.chrysocystidiata 具有黄色囊状体 (chrysocystidia)且担子和担孢子均较大, 后者担子, 担 孢子的大小和形状及担子在子实层的排列方式颇接近 Bodman (1952)所描述的黑刺皮 H.nigerrima Vié gas.),但 H. falcato-sporifera 的子实体革质, 白色, 菌丝不具锁状联合. 对这二个新种进行了汉文和拉丁文 描述. 所有新种的模式标本保藏于湖南师范大学真菌标 本室(MHHNU).
AbstractSong Rong Masutake, (Pine mushrion) group is the most favorite edible mushrooms in Eastern Asia, Tricholoma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer var. matsutakeis associated with pine forest and native to North Eastern and South Western China, it as well as in Japan and Korea.
  The Song Rong (Pine mushrooms) nomenclature and description has been one of the old traditional reference in China, as early as the Song Dynasty, a famous scholar named Tang Shen-Wei, who compiled " ReorganizedBen-Cao (Pen-Tsao)" (1802-1094 A. D.) in which, the Song Rong is contained. The Chinese "Song" pronounce =Pine, "Rong"=young pilose antler, the very name meaning the mushrooms associate with Pines, the young basidiocarp lookslike a young pilose antler, the later followed by Chen Rinyu "A Treatise on Fungi" 1245 A. d., who gives a more complete ecological and pharmaceutical discussions and point out, the Song Jun (Pine mushrooms) isapparently referred to Song Rong, which is generally referred to as a synonym. In addition to the above statement about the ancient nomenclature of Song Rong or Song Jun from China,simultaneously, there is a similar passage in later works by Japanese priest Kenko in his "Tsurezuregusa" (1330-31), he noted the Masutake (Japanese pronounce: Matsu orMasu) =pine, Take=mushroom), however, the Sino-Japan calligraphy Character of Pine mushroom are exactly alike. Moreover, there in replaced by a varitty of the samespecies Triclioloma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer var. formosana Sawada distriuted in Prov. Taiwan, China. Some other closely related but different species, the American matsutake[Tricholoma ponderosa (Peck) Singer] has a representative only occurs in western coast of North America, the European matsutake [Tricholoma caligatum (Viv.) Ricken] is widely distributed in Europe and North Africa.
  Matsutake group not only forming ectomycorrhiza with conifers, even several species forming ectomycorrhizae with Family Fagaceae, belong to genera Quercus, Castanopsis and Lithocarpus etc., a common species,Tricholoma bakamatsutake Hongo, that associated with different species of the genus Quercus from Japan and Western China. They either species Tricholoma quercicola Zang occurs in North Yunnan and Western Sichuan,beyond the Tsanpo (Yarlung Zangbo), where is the eastern terminus of the Himalayas proper. Some original mycofloras of temperate Asia, including China, Japan and Korea, especially in the Sino-Himalayanregion of the Western China have the richest alpine Quercus forest and Matsuake group, where have survived and thrived in better conditions than similar ones in Europea and North America.
  Tricholoma quercicola Zang is close to Tricholoma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer, but may be distinguished from the latte by its cheilocystidia, and occurs in good mycorrhizal associationwith Genus Quercus, never Pinus, these features also similar to Tricholoma bakamatsutake Hongo, but differs in the larger and round in outline basidospores (6.5-10.7×5-6.5μm, whichwhich often shows prominent angles. The colonies and hyphae in pure culture were white and thick on agar media, and there was a developmental formation of whitish aerial hyphae, but the colonies were relatively small.
  A number of distribution patterns, concerning the rational exploitation, utilization, reservation of Matsitake group are described and illustrated. The type specimen of the newspecies Tricholoma quercicola is deposited in the Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming (HKAS).
关键词刺皮属, 黄色囊状体刺皮, 镰孢刺皮
Key
期刊真菌学报 9(1):6-11 , 1990
PublicationActa Mycologica Sinica (Chinese; English Abstract), 9(2):pp.113-127, 1990
分享省市湖南省宜章县
PlaceXiaojin County, Aba Zang Nationality Aut
采集地莽山阔叶树的朽木
EnvironmentThe specimen collected on land of Quercus pannosa Hand-Mazz. forest
海拨高度
生态环境中亚热带湿润季风气候阔叶林区
寄主阔叶树朽木
Habitatsubtropical moist monsoon alpine oak forest zone
Hoston land of Quercus pannosa Hand-Mazz. forest
采集人胡新文
Isolation PersonLiao Shuyun
采集时间
保存单位湖南师范大学真菌标本室, 长沙 410081
Preservation UnitThe Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, The Chinese AcademY of Sciences, Kunming 650204, Yunnan Province, China
描述
等模式
Speciman No.
全文
NoteThe species is a taste edible mushroom
参考资料
词条标签:
自然 生物物种