五台山黑蛋巢垣曲变种，拉丁菌名Tricholoma quercicola Zang sp. nov。
- 1. 五台山黑蛋巢垣曲变种 ．真菌新种数据库[引用日期2015-04-29]
|拉丁菌名||Tricholoma quercicola Zang sp. nov.|
|定名人||刘 波 李榆梅|
|Article||A Taxonomic and Geographic Study on the Song Rong (Matsutake) Group and Its Allied Species|
|作者||刘 波 李榆梅|
|作者单位||山西大学生物系, 太原 030006|
|摘要||本文报道了黑蛋巢菌属 Cyathus 的三 个新种, 一个新变种和一个新记录种, 它们分别是: 四川 黑蛋巢 Cyathus sichuanensis Liu et Y.M.Li,关帝山黑 蛋巢菌 Cyathus guandishensisLiu et Y.M.Li, 云南黑 蛋巢 Cyathus yunnanensis Liu et Y.M.Li, 五台山黑蛋 巢菌垣曲变种 Cyathus wutaisshanensis Liu Shangguan et Yuan var. yuanensis Liuet Y.M.Li和粟褐黑蛋巢菌 Cyathus badius Kobayasi. 模式标本除 Cyathus yunanensis Liu et Y.M.Li 保存在中国科学院微生物研 究所标本室外, 其余均保存在山西大学真菌标本室.|
|Abstract||Song Rong Masutake, (Pine mushrion) group is the most favorite edible mushrooms in Eastern Asia, Tricholoma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer var. matsutakeis associated with pine forest and native to North Eastern and South Western China, it as well as in Japan and Korea.|
The Song Rong (Pine mushrooms) nomenclature and description has been one of the old traditional reference in China, as early as the Song Dynasty, a famous scholar named Tang Shen-Wei, who compiled " ReorganizedBen-Cao (Pen-Tsao)" (1802-1094 A. D.) in which, the Song Rong is contained. The Chinese "Song" pronounce =Pine, "Rong"=young pilose antler, the very name meaning the mushrooms associate with Pines, the young basidiocarp lookslike a young pilose antler, the later followed by Chen Rinyu "A Treatise on Fungi" 1245 A. d., who gives a more complete ecological and pharmaceutical discussions and point out, the Song Jun (Pine mushrooms) isapparently referred to Song Rong, which is generally referred to as a synonym. In addition to the above statement about the ancient nomenclature of Song Rong or Song Jun from China,simultaneously, there is a similar passage in later works by Japanese priest Kenko in his "Tsurezuregusa" (1330-31), he noted the Masutake (Japanese pronounce: Matsu orMasu) =pine, Take=mushroom), however, the Sino-Japan calligraphy Character of Pine mushroom are exactly alike. Moreover, there in replaced by a varitty of the samespecies Triclioloma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer var. formosana Sawada distriuted in Prov. Taiwan, China. Some other closely related but different species, the American matsutake[Tricholoma ponderosa (Peck) Singer] has a representative only occurs in western coast of North America, the European matsutake [Tricholoma caligatum (Viv.) Ricken] is widely distributed in Europe and North Africa.
Matsutake group not only forming ectomycorrhiza with conifers, even several species forming ectomycorrhizae with Family Fagaceae, belong to genera Quercus, Castanopsis and Lithocarpus etc., a common species,Tricholoma bakamatsutake Hongo, that associated with different species of the genus Quercus from Japan and Western China. They either species Tricholoma quercicola Zang occurs in North Yunnan and Western Sichuan,beyond the Tsanpo (Yarlung Zangbo), where is the eastern terminus of the Himalayas proper. Some original mycofloras of temperate Asia, including China, Japan and Korea, especially in the Sino-Himalayanregion of the Western China have the richest alpine Quercus forest and Matsuake group, where have survived and thrived in better conditions than similar ones in Europea and North America.
Tricholoma quercicola Zang is close to Tricholoma matsutake (Ito et Imai) Singer, but may be distinguished from the latte by its cheilocystidia, and occurs in good mycorrhizal associationwith Genus Quercus, never Pinus, these features also similar to Tricholoma bakamatsutake Hongo, but differs in the larger and round in outline basidospores (6.5-10.7×5-6.5μm, whichwhich often shows prominent angles. The colonies and hyphae in pure culture were white and thick on agar media, and there was a developmental formation of whitish aerial hyphae, but the colonies were relatively small.
A number of distribution patterns, concerning the rational exploitation, utilization, reservation of Matsitake group are described and illustrated. The type specimen of the newspecies Tricholoma quercicola is deposited in the Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming (HKAS).
|关键词||黑蛋巢菌 属, 四川黑蛋巢菌, 关帝山黑蛋巢, 云南黑蛋巢菌, 五台 山黑蛋巢垣曲变种, 粟褐黑蛋巢菌|
|期刊||真菌学报 8(4):289-295, 1989|
|Publication||Acta Mycologica Sinica (Chinese; English Abstract), 9(2):pp.113-127, 1990|
|Place||Miyi County, Sichuan Province, China|
|Environment||The specimen collected on land of Quercus pannosa Hand-Mazz. forest|
|Habitat||subtropical moist monsoon broad-leaf forest zone|
|Host||on land of Quercus pannosa Hand-Mazz. forest|
|Isolation Person||Yuan Mingsheng|
|保存单位||山西大学生物系真菌标本室, 太原 030006|
|Preservation Unit||The Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, The Chinese AcademY of Sciences, Kunming 650204, Yunnan Province, China|
|Speciman No.||HKAS 19947|
|Note||The species is a taste edible mushroom|
|备注||副模式标本 (HMAS 51616, HMAS 51618, HMAS 51619) 保存于中国科学院微生物研究所真菌标本室, 北 京 100080|